Áno mačkám

07.08.2016 12:43

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WASHINGTON. Riaditeľ verejnej knižnice v meste Thorntown v americkom štáte Indiana oficiálne prijal do stavu zamestnancov hrdzavého túlavého kocúra menom Chance. Ten má nahradiť Tobera, veľmi obľúbeného knižničného kocúra, ktorý zomrel vlani na jeseň po siedmich rokoch vernej služby medzi regálmi, napísal denník The Washington Post.

Medzitým, o viac ako tisíc kilometrov ďalej v texaskom White Settlement, verejnosť prská ​​a chlpy lietajú z miestnej mestskej rady, ktorá dvoma ku jednému hlasu rozhodla, že je potrebné vyhodiť z obecnej knižnice kocúra menom Browser. 

A to napriek tomu, že tento mierny kocúr šesť rokov oddane vykonával všetky povinnosti knižničnej mačky. Okrem spoľahlivého hubenia hlodavcov prispieval k záľube detí v čítaní, dohliadal na zamestnancov pri pulte a staral sa o zvýšený počet návštevníkov.

Úloha knižníc sa mení

Mnoho návštevníkov knižnice popudilo rozhodnutie vykázať kocúra, ktoré vyplynulo z náhlych obáv z možných alergií na mačacie chlpy, alebo pravdepodobne aj nespokojnosť úradného zamestnanca. 

Kritici sa môžu sporiť o to, či by nebolo lepšie čas vynaložený na boj za prítomnosť alebo neprítomnosť mačky v knižnici využiť na zlepšenie gramotnosti a rozširovanie zbierok. 

Oba nedávne prípady však podčiarkujú rýchlo sa meniace úlohy amerických knižníc v čase, keď ľudia môžu dostať počas sekundy záplavu informácií do dlane držiaca chytrý telefón či tablet.

Životne dôležitá úloha

Mestá, ktoré bojujú s obmedzeným rozpočtom, využívajú rozmach internetu na ospravedlnenie obmedzení alebo rušenia verejných knižníc. Avšak neuvedomujú si, že knižnica plní okrem vzdelávacej funkcie, ktorú internet ľahko prebije, tiež čím ďalej tým dôležitejšiu úlohu miesta, kde sa môžu ľudia stretávať.

 A to je dôležité predovšetkým pre tých, ktorí nemajú internet alebo wi-fi, alebo pre tých, ktorí žijú alebo pracujú sami.

A to je tiež dôvod, prečo knižničné mačky môžu zohrávať životne dôležitú úlohu. Mačky, všeobecne vzaté, ľudí nijako nediskriminujú, ak ich teda neťaháte za chvost. A to isté platí aj pre knižnice. Knižnice sú v skutočnosti jedny z najdemokratickejších inštitúcií, aké existujú - nikoho nepošlú preč.

Navyše sú zadarmo a každý knihovník vám povie, že v ekonomicky ťažkých časoch počet návštevníkov raketovo stúpa.

Vľúdnejší dojem

A pokiaľ ide o knihovníkov, ktorí majú mačacích spolupracovníkov, zhodujú sa, že takýto mňaukajúci inventár okamžite zabezpečí, že knižnica pôsobí vľúdnejším dojmom. A pre preťažených zamestnancov sú mačky najúčinnejším spôsobom, ako uvoľniť stres.

Mačky a knižnice majú dlhú a príbehmi opradenú históriu, ktorá sa datuje až do dávneho Egypta. Vtedy zastávali mačky dôležitú úlohu pri strážení spisov na papyrusoch pred hlodavcami v knižniciach a chrámoch.

A v 19. storočí britský parlament dokonca knihovníkom platil, aby chovali jednu alebo dve mačky. Knihársky glej používaný v tej dobe kníhviazačmi bol pre myši neodolateľnou lahôdkou, chovať mačku bolo teda lacnejšie, než nahrádzať ohryzené knihy, či si najať krysára.

Z útulkov či túlavé mačky

Knižničná mačka prináša tiež nečakané vedľajšie účinky. Väčšina kocúrov a mačiek slúžiacich knižniciam sú túlavé jedince alebo zvieratá zachránené z útulkov, čo výrazne inšpiruje návštevníkov i zamestnancov, aby si sami adoptovali mačku bez domova.

A pre tých, ktorí vlastného maznáčika mať nemôžu, potom knižnica slúži ako miesto, kde sa zastaví, aby si poškrabal pradúcu chlpatú guľôčku - a pri tej príležitosti si mnohí rovno požičajú nejakú tú knihu, alebo aj tri.

Iste, ľudia, ktorí sa mačiek boja, alebo sú na ne alergickí, to môžu vnímať inak. Ale väčšina knižníc je na podobné prípady pripravená a stačí pred návštevou zavolať, aby zamestnanci na nejakú dobu zavreli mačku do svojej klietky a povysávali chlpy z koberca a sedačiek.



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North coast records higher lung cancer rate than any other region", says Dr Helen McEwen, from the British Lung Foundation.

"For the first time researchers have been able to look at this data in detail and the impact it has on research. It's clear that our current approach to cancer diagnosis and care is broken. It's time that we took a closer look at what is going wrong and put in place the best resources for cancer treatment."

The researchers analysed the lung cancer mortality data collected between 2006 and 2008 as part of the Cancer Care England database and found that it is highest in southern England and highest in West Wales, but in the north of England the mortality rate is lowest.

Dr McEwen says that if cancer was diagnosed at a much earlier stage it would have been much less severe and people would have survived much longer.

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To get a better idea of what patients think about their treatment choices, this study has been published in an earlier version in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface.

Dr McEwen says it will be important to continue looking at these questions and whether patients' beliefs might change over time and therefore the data may have broader implications for public policy.

This work was funded by the Research Councils Research Council, the Cancer Council, the MRC for Lung Research and the Cancer and Translational Medicine Department of Birmingham Health NHS Trust.

The study included data collected through the Cancer Care England Cancer Registry. Further work will analyse and interpret the data in support of this study.

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The British Lung Foundation is one of the world's leading public health organisations working to prevent and treat lung disease. It is one of a number of research organisations that help improve our understanding of lung disease and cancer through research, education and research and policy-making.

The Foundation is funded by the government through a range of strategic initiatives including:

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· British Lung Trust

· Cancer Research England

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